B Complex Vitamins Can Counter Fatigue and Increase Appetite in Senior Dogs
Most B vitamins, except Vitamin B12, are not stored in a dog’s body and must be supplemented to maintain optimal health. Although each B vitamin performs different functions, together they work synergistically, handling everything from cellular energy production to healthy red blood cell formation and healthy neurological function.
B Vitamins are found in dog food containing organ meat (kidney and heart), fish, poultry, eggs, leafy greens, liver, brewers yeast, kelp, wheat bran, wheat germ, molasses, but these foods usually don’t contain enough B Vitamins to counteract aging, illness and environmental issues.
B Complex Vitamins include:
- Vitamin B1 – Thiamin – Supports organ health and motor functions and helps to maintain a healthy brain
- Vitamin B2 – Riboflavin – Helps produce red blood cells which transport oxygen and nutrients to the body
- Vitamin B3 – Niacin – Essential in helping dogs convert fat and carbohydrates into sources of energy
- Vitamin B5 – Pantothenic Acid – Enhances stamina, and is involved in the production of neurotransmitters
- Vitamin B6 – Pyridoxine – Promotes red cell production and is needed for normal brain function
- Vitamin B7 – Biotin – Improves energy and supports healthy digestion
- Vitamin B9 – Folic Acid or Folate – Helps prevent hardening of the arteries and depression
- Vitamin B12 – Cobalamin – Supports the nervous system and brain function
B vitamins can be purchased separately if a dog is deficient in one specific area, however, a full B vitamin complex supplement may be a better alternative, especially for senior dogs.